• Incontinence: ‚ÄčIncontinence, or the inability to hold one's urine with a resulting tendency to wet oneself, can result from a neuromuscular disability. It needs to be evaluated as there can be many causes.  Ideally, this evaluation is done by a specialist in the urological or urine system.


  • Retention: Retention, or the inability to completely empty ones bladder when urinating, is a serious situation that can occur in the setting of a chronic neuromuscular disability.  In some cases this can give rise to repeated infections and carries with it the potential for serious damage to the kidneys.  When present, a specialist in the urological system is usually asked to carry out an evaluation to determine the cause and seriousness of the problem.

Examining the Urological System